Myopia is a common refractive error that affects over an estimated 40% of Americans. A refractive error occurs when the eye does not refract light properly, creating blurred and out-of-focus distance vision.
Myopia occurs when the eyeball grows too long, or the cornea becomes too steep. Most myopic parents will have myopic children, due to the condition being hereditary. Myopia is often discovered in children between the ages of 8 and 12 and can get progressively worse into adulthood.
Symptoms of Myopia
Most comprehensive eye exams will pinpoint signs of myopia, but there are cases where children are unable to articulate their symptoms. Common symptoms include:
- Frequent headaches
- Squinting to see
- Difficulty seeing things at a distance, like road signs or a whiteboard at school